King Arthur was the legendary ruler of Camelot and the head of the Knights of the Round Table. He was a powerful and mighty ruler that battled the Saxons for years, and always emerging victorious. He was also the husband of Guinevere.
Arthur was born from the unionship of King Uther and Yigraine, the Duke of Tintagel's wife. During a battle between the King and the Duke's armies after they left a feast without his permission, the King turned to the wizard Merlin for help. Merlin took pity on the poor king and agreed to help him. But with a price. Any child born of the union, he said, would have to be turned over to his care.
With the aid of Merlin, Uther was victorious and took Yigraine as his wife when the Duke fell in battle. Nine months passed, and the Queen gave birth to a baby boy. The royal couple named their son Arthur. But the King had promised to turn over any children born of his union with Ygraine, to Merlin. Reluctantly, Uther gave their only son over to Merlin's care, and Ygraine was forced to say goodbye to her child forever. Merlin assured her it was for the boy's own good, but she never forgave him.
Merlin secretly took him to be raised at the castle of Sir Ector, a loyal ally of the King's. There, the young prince was raised as the bastard child of Sir Ector's, and no one, not even Ector himself, knew the boy's true identity. Meanwhile, all was not well with the King. Just months after giving away his only son, Uther Pendragon turned ill, and died shortly after. With no heir to lead the kingdom, the country fell into despair. Rival dukes and lords disputed over who was the best fit to rule England. In the midst of the turmoil, the nobles called on Merlin to find a solution. Having seen to it that baby Arthur was safe, he erected a large stone, on top of which sat an anvil, in a churchyard in Westminster, a region of London. Stuck in the anvil was a sword.
The sword was magic, Merlin explained, and only he who was fit to rule England could pull it from the stone. Nobles from far and wide came to try and pull the sword from the stone, but not even the strongest of men could accomplish the task. Eventually, the sword became forgotten, and England fell into greater ruin. However, it was not until Merlin brought Arthur before the Sword in the Stone. A crowd had been assembled, and was waiting anxiously. Arthur began to pull the sword. The sword came loose. The crowd cheered, and Arthur was crowned King of England.
After being crowned king, Arthur indeed proved that he was the greatest warrior ever alive. As King, he used his skills in fighting and leadership to drive off all hostile invaders from Britain. But his real strength was in the wisdom he had received from his instructor, Merlin, who had taught him to use his wits, rather than brute force, to overcome his enemies. From Merlin, Arthur had learned to be a wise and just king, who fought only to protect his people, and never for ill deeds.
The people of Britain, finally relieved of their suffering, happily welcomed him as their new king. Not even the dukes and lords quarreled over the right to rule anymore, for Arthur had indeed brought the peace and prosperity that the kingdom had long awaited. Under his rule, laws were made with justice and mercy, and the people were treated fairly. He named his kingdom Camelot, and his coat of arms was the red dragon.